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Home / US / A record 75% of Americans can vote by mail in 2020

A record 75% of Americans can vote by mail in 2020









Ballot papers by mail

directly to all voters

Absentee voting

allowed for everyone

Excuse required

for absentee voting

43 million voters

in nine states + DC

108 million voters

in 33 states

51 million voters

in eight states

Do square

is 100,000

registered voters.

Ballot papers by mail

directly to all voters

Absentee voting

allowed for everyone

Excuse required

for absentee voting

43 million voters

in nine states + DC

108 million voters

in 33 states

51 million voters

in eight states

Do square

is 100,000

registered voters.

Ballot papers by mail

directly to all voters

Absentee voting

allowed for everyone

Excuse required

for absentee voting

43 million voters

in nine states + DC

108 million voters

in 33 states

51 million voters

in eight states

Do square

is 100,000

registered voters.

Ballot papers by mail

directly to all voters

Absentee voting

allowed for everyone

Excuse required

for absentee voting

43 million voters

in nine states + DC

108 million voters

in 33 states

51 million voters

in eight states

Do square

is 100,000

registered voters.

Ballot papers by mail

directly to

all voters

absentee

voting is allowed

for all

Excuse required

for absence

voting

43 million

voters in nine

states + DC

108 million

voters in

33 states

51 million

voters in

eight states

Do square

is 100,000

registered

voters.


About three-quarters of all American voters will be eligible to receive a ballot in the mail for the 2020 election – the most in U.S. history, according to a New York Times analysis. If the recent election trends hold and turnout increases, as experts predict, approximately 80 million postal ballots will flood election offices this fall, more than double the number returned in 2016.

The rapid and seismic change in the way Americans will vote can be traced to the coronavirus pandemic. Concerns about the potential for the virus to be transmitted to polling stations have forced many states to make in-flight adjustments that – despite President Trump protests – will make postal voting in America more accessible this fall than ever before.

“I have a difficult time looking at history and finding an election where there has been a significant change in the way elections are administered in this short period,” said Alex Padilla, California Secretary of State who chairs the Association. Democratic Secretaries of State.

Most changes are temporary and are made administratively by state and local officials, who have the power to make adjustments during emergencies such as pandemics.


Some of the states that have made changes to the primary are keeping them in place for the general election, while others are making special changes for the fall. A small handful of states have made no modifications and seem unlikely to do so.

After all, 24 states and the District of Columbia have somehow expanded voter access to ballots for the 2020 general election, with the broader goal of making it easier for people to vote in the midst of a global crisis. health. And in some states with relatively strict rules, individual counties have made similar efforts.


Changes in voting in the fall of 2020





Sending ballots

for all voters

Sending ballots for absence

applications for all voters

Allowing no excuse

absentee voting

Allowing voters to quote

Covid to vote in absentia

They made other small changes

to facilitate voting

States that did not make changes

Sending ballots to all voters

Submitting applications for voting in absentia

for all voters

Allowing voting without justification in absentia

Allowing voters to quote Covid to vote

absentee

They made other small changes

to facilitate voting

Sending ballots

for all voters

Sending ballots for absence

applications for all voters

Allow for no excuse

absentee voting

Allowing voters to quote Covid

to vote in absentia

Made other minor changes to facilitate absentee voting


Note: Connecticut and Delaware have authorized absentee voting for all voters and will also mail absentee voting applications by mail.

Some new pieces of state legislation are still pending, and experts say more changes could come from executive actions, lawsuits or other mechanisms in some states, including New York.

But they also note that many Americans who choose to vote by mail this cycle because of the virus will simply be leverage options that have long been available to them under existing laws.

The more votes by mail, the greater the turnout

During the presidential primary, many states that made it easier for people to vote by mail saw higher turnout than states that made fewer changes.

Of the states that have held presidential elections and electoral groups this year, 31 had an increase in turnout compared to 2016. Of these, 18 had sent either ballots or ballot applications to all voters before primary school.


Participation in presidential start-ups and groups





Change to primary

participation, 2016-2020

Pohon se

sent ballots

or ballot

applications

percentage

who voted

in the absence of

2020 primary

States that sent ballots

or voting applications

Change to primary

participation, 2016-2020

percentage

who voted

in the absence of

2020 primary

States that submitted ballots or ballot applications

Change in primary participation, 2016-2020

Percentage that

voted in absentia

in 2020 primary


Note: Seven states that have had primary or group groups are not shown in the table because data by mail is not available. Of those, Minnesota and Wyoming had overall increase in turnout. Arkansas, Massachusetts, Missouri, New Hampshire and Tennessee had declining turnout.

Six states continued to require voters to have an excuse other than the virus, in order to vote in absentia in primary schools. In those states, voter turnout remained roughly the same as in 2016.

Michael P. McDonald, a professor at the University of Florida who studies the U.S. election, said recent election trends, including many of this year’s primary, have shown that turnout will increase in the fall compared to 2016, and that widespread use of postal voting will break previous records.

“It’s a kind of noise to say that you will have the highest level of participation in your life or that it is the most important choice of your life, but it really feels that way,” he said. “I still expect this turnout to be very high in November. The extraordinary question we have is just: Will the electoral system be able to hold it?”

Indeed, elementary school students also exposed the many problems that officials and voters may face this fall.

In Wisconsin, 11 a.m. court rulings, lengthy voting rulings, a significant number of absentee ballot applications, and appeals for missing or invalid mail ballots pushed the system to the brink of collapse. In Georgia’s most populous county, voters faced an election fusion with their volatile lines and malfunctioning technology. And in New York, it took several weeks for shocked officials to count thousands of ballots in the mail and deliver results.

All the while, Mr. Trump has harshly criticized postal voting – while allowing military members and senior Americans to be allowed to vote in absentia – saying sending ballots directly to voters would jeopardize the integrity of the election. More broadly, some Republicans have continued to insist without evidence that postal voting helps Democrats.

Mail voting has spread unevenly along somewhat partisan lines: Some of the states identified by the Cook’s Political Report as strong or potential Democrats in the 2020 general election have implemented some of the most extensive mail voting programs ; many of the states identified as solid or potential Republicans have continued to restrict access to postal voting.


Cook estimates of the Policy Report for the Electoral College for 2020





Solid + Likely

democratic

Solid + Likely

republican

Solid + truly Democratic

Solid + likely Republican

Solid + Likely

democratic

Solid + Likely

republican


Note: Maine and Nebraska elect voters using the County method, in which each state congressional district elects its own electorate, and the two remaining college votes are determined by the winner of the popular vote.

Studies have consistently shown that voting fraud of any kind is extremely rare in the United States. And states and counties that have gone through full-post voting have seen little evidence of partisan advantage.

Possible problems in November

Researchers said the thin-walled polling stations could be quickly accelerated by the volume of ballots. To help reduce their workload, election officials in some major shaky states have already demanded that lawmakers give them more leeway to prepare absentee ballots for their count after they arrive than after closing. of surveys.

Their problems may be exacerbated by the lack of funding for the Postal Service. If there is a slowdown at polling stations or post offices, experts said, ballots could not be sent on time or returned on time.

Richard L. Hasen, a law and political science professor at the University of California, Irvine, said he remained “very concerned” that many voters would be dispersed through no fault of their own. Because many voters will be unfamiliar with the postal voting process, he and other experts said, they were concerned that voters might make unintentional technical errors when marking, signing, stamping or sending a ballot, leading in their votes to be ultimately rejected.

And those who vote in person may have to deal with shortages of poll workers that viewers say are likely to be exacerbated by the pandemic.

“It will be bumpy,” said Amber McReynolds, chief executive of the National Vote at the Homeland Security Institute and the Coalition. “Will it be a catastrophe in a particular state?” That’s hard to say at the moment. ”

Well-prepared states that are accustomed to counting large numbers of postal ballots – and where the presidential race is not near – may be called on election night. But experts say that in other states, counting can delay race calls by at least a day or two. And in states where the presidential race is tight and the laws are inflexible, a clear picture of who has won can take weeks to develop.

Despite the challenges, Phil Keisling, who was Oregon’s secretary of state when he began delivering ballots to voters more than two decades ago, was among more than half a dozen experts who expressed confidence that election administrators would completed their jobs.

“Tens of millions of people are in terra incognita elections, and so there is anxiety, and it is understandable,” said Mr. Keisling. “But I am a protected optimist that we will make a choice that meets very high standards of professionalism, and that most Americans, even if they do not like the results, will believe the results are fair.”


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