Young people may be less likely to get severe cases of COVID-19, but health experts have long warned that evaporation could make them more vulnerable.
Now scientists have data to support them.
New evidence from researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine found that adolescents and young adults who disappeared were five to seven times more likely to test positive for COVID-19 than their non-hot peers.
The study, published Tuesday in the Journal of Adolescent Health, relied on the results of a survey of 4,351 people aged 13 to 24 across the US. It is the first to examine the link between evaporation and coronavirus susceptibility.
“Adolescents and young adults should know that if you use e-cigarettes, you are likely to have an immediate risk of COVID-19 because you are damaging your lungs,” said Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, a professor of pediatrics at Stanford who was a co-author of the study, said in a press release.
E-cigarettes and marijuana vapes have grown in popularity in recent years, especially among college and high school students. In 2018, 16% of college students said they eliminated nicotine, compared to only 6% a year ago, according to the Pew Research Center. For 12th grade, the share rose to 25% from 11%, and among 10th graders jumped to 20% from 8%.
As the U.S. reopens following spring blockades, many officials have blamed young adults gathering at bars, parties and beaches for spring break for an alarming rise in coronavirus cases.
“Young people may believe that their age protects them from contracting the virus or will not experience symptoms of COVID-19, but the data show that this is not true among those who suffer,” said Shivani Mathur Gaiha , lead author of the study, in the press release. “This study shows us quite clearly that young people who use vape or are using duality [e-cigarettes and cigarettes] “They are at high risk, and it is not just a small increase in risk – it is a big one.”
People who both smoked and smoked cigarettes were 7 times more likely to have COVID-19
Although seniors are more likely to develop severe coronavirus symptoms such as pneumonia and shortness of breath, young people began filling hospitals as the US reopened.
Cases of young patients were not necessarily resolved quickly either: A report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published in late July found that nearly 20% of patients with previously healthy coronavirus had not recovered after two to two years. in three weeks of illness.
Stanford researchers after the new study aimed to explore the potential for evaporation as a risk factor among these young, otherwise healthy people.
They found a surprising connection. Survey subjects who said they had used e-cigarettes at any point in the past were five times more likely to be diagnosed with COVID-19. A diagnosis was seven times more likely for people who both disappeared and smoked cigarettes. Those who had done both within the past 30 days were almost five times more likely to have symptoms.
“We were surprised,” Halpern-Felsher told NBC News. “We are expected to probably see some relationship … but certainly not in the disagreement and significance reports we are seeing here.”
There are several possible explanations for the results. Halpern-Felsher said the way people used their grapes – sharing them with others, touching their mouth or device mouth, and removing smoking masks – could contribute to the spread of the virus. It is also possible that aerosols that humans inhale from e-cigarettes may carry the virus.
But many researchers suspect that there is a direct link between evaporation, lung damage and coronavirus susceptibility.
Regular vaporization can leave the lungs damaged and vulnerable
Research from the University of California, San Francisco shows that one in three young adults aged 18-25 are susceptible to severe COVID-19 infection. To be considered vulnerable, a person had to have at least one risk factor identified by the CDC – either a chronic illness (such as heart disease, diabetes or asthma) or a major lifestyle factor: smoking.
Smoking was the most prevalent risk factor for young people, the UCSF study found. This includes the use of tobacco, electronic cigarettes and cigarettes. The researchers grouped these habits together because, like smoking tobacco, studies have shown that evaporation can damage the lungs.
A study of more than 32,000 Americans found that people who occupied regularly were more than 1.3 times more likely than non-offenders to develop lung disease, including asthma, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis. Smokers were 2.6 times more likely, and people who smoked and disappeared were 3.3 times more likely to develop lung disease than people who do not. And that was only during the three-year study period.
Because the coronavirus attacks the lungs, any vulnerability in that system can leave a person susceptible to the worst results. It may also mean that a smaller amount of virus is required to infect the system. This seems to make vaping a risk factor a lot like smoking.
Experts thought it would happen even before they had the data to show them.
“From my point of view, mesh [together] all the variables that put things that are not air in your lungs, I would look at all kinds of the same category, “said previously Dr. Panagis Galiatsatos, pulmonologist and national representative for the American Lung Association, i said the Insider earlier.
He added: “If you get an infection and have good, healthy lungs, which are not being fought every day by toxins, whether from inhaled marijuana or smoked cigarettes or inhaled e-cigarettes, you are letting your lungs be in the best ability they can to test and fight this infection. “