According to the report, Black Canadians accounted for 32% of all charges analyzed between 2013 and 2017, which included non-compliance, cannabis possession, criminal offenses and some management offenses – insults that the research team chose to focus on because they usually are raised at the discretion of an officer.
And, although they make up less than a tenth of Toronto’s population, Black people were almost four times more likely to be blamed than White persons and seven times more predisposed than other races.
Racial profiling evidence
Although they were charged more than other racial or ethnic groups, Black Canadians were also more likely to have their charges dropped, and their charges were less likely to result in a conviction than those of whites, according to the report. .
This finding “undermines the suggestion that [Black Canadians] they face more charges because they are more engaged in illegal behavior, “the commission said in its report.
But that suggests Toronto police may overlap black Canadians or target them because of their race.
Racial profiling by the police is probably most evident, the commission said, in criminal offenses. One-third of all people who took a single “blind” load driving – or charges that could only be discovered after police pulled someone in and questioned them – were black. Out-of-sight driving fees include driving without a valid license or insurance.
These offenses are the result of “proactive policing,” the commission said, where an officer checks a license plate or pulls out a driver, without knowing if that driver has committed a crime. That black people are more likely to receive these charges indicates that Toronto police are more likely to use that proactive police tactic with Black Canadians.
Black Canadians are more likely to be shot and killed by police
Black Toronto residents were represented in a number of violent incidents with police.
During that time, Black Canadians also accounted for nearly 30% of force use cases, 36% of shootings, 61% of force use cases that resulted in civilian deaths, and 70% of police shootings, according to the report.
Why police arrest and charge Black Canadians more often
Since the reporting period, the Toronto Police Department has set up an Equality, Inclusion and Human Rights unit that “strives to provide services without prejudice”, started anti-race training against Black, and now collects data own on racial prejudice among Toronto officers, the service said.