Several species of sharks continue to bother scientists because of their presence in what must be one of the most dangerous environments on the planet: Active volcanoes. The ability of sharks not only to inhabit volcanoes, but to thrive in them and search actively them, is a mystery that has confused many scientists, but it is something that a researcher, the marine ecologist of the International University of Florida, Prof. Michael Michael Heithaus is determined to respond, the Daily Express reported. The discovery of sharks inhabiting a volcano first occurred in 2015 during a National Geographic Documentary, where they – along with relatives, stingrays ̵1; were seen living in Kavachi underwater volcano in the Solomon Islands.
“I thought it looked like a science fiction movie. It’s an amazing discovery,” Heithaus said, according to the Daily Express. “It just shows how adaptable sharks are.” Extreme environments are something they can clearly handle; whether it’s a volcano or survives thousands of feet underwater. “It’s not really yet known why they’re there. It could be something to do with reproduction, or who knows what else is living there … maybe they just are now sniffing a meal. “Now, informally known as” Sharkcano “, Kavachi is one of the most active marine volcanoes on the planet, which makes the study of sharks very difficult. However, the conditions there are too extreme to begin with. Sharks are, in essence, inhabiting an active crater 18 feet below the surface of the ocean. Temperatures in the water at this depth are extremely dangerous, approaching boiling point. Hitithaus, however, hypothesizes that the key may be Lorenzini ampoule, a cluster of pores found in their shirts, which he suspects provides sharks. with a sixth sense of the species that can detect changes on the planet magnetic field. This, in turn, will allow sharks to detect volcanic eruptions prematurely and swim in safety, as well as help them find other volcanoes, the Daily Express reported. This theory is far from unprecedented. “Thinning is dangerous but studies have shown us that they can detect approaching hurricanes and cyclones, so they may be able to detect when something bad is going to happen and get out of the way,” Heithaus explained. Gently why are sharks so attracted to volcanoes? Kavachi is, after all, far from the only example. Another example can be found in the Piton de la Fournaise, an active volcano – in fact, one of the most active in the world – on the island of Réunion in the Indian Ocean. The volcano is on land, but that hasn’t stopped sharks from becoming so widespread that swimming in the ocean has become virtually illegal in recent years, the Daily Express reported. While on land, sediment is still being washed up in the ocean from the slope. volcano, causing water to appear cloudy. It is precisely these waters that Heithaus believes attracts sharks to the island, as they create an idea of where hunting is located. There are other theories put forward as to why volcano boat sharks. “It really is not really known why they are there. It could be something to do with reproduction, or who knows what else lives there … maybe they are just sniffing a meal,” Heithaus explained. However, there is another, simpler option: these habitats are simply safer for them. This is due to the fact that such extreme conditions serve as protection against the greatest danger faced by sharks: overfishing. “The biggest threat to sharks so far is fish consumption,” Heithaus explained, according to the Daily Express. “They’re just not very catchy and that’s being driven by the demand for shark fin and meat.” You’re not going to go fishing around a volcano and maybe some of the bigger sharks, which are predators, will be less prone to get there “” We probably do not know exactly why they are there, but the fact that we have seen so much in a fairly short window of time, suggests that it is an important place for those sharks. “If it weren’t for a great place to live they probably wouldn’t be there … who doesn’t like a hot tub?” This theory has further advantages in Israel, where sharks congregate in large numbers otherwise from almost anywhere else in the Mediterranean. For several years, sharks have been seen gathering in large numbers off the coast of Hadera, specifically near the warm waters found in the Rabin Lights power plant. Like Heithaus, researchers at Haifa University’s Morris Kahn Marine Research Station theorized that sharks somehow perceive heat and go there, but that was just a theory. Large grouping of sharks is a particularly rare phenomenon, especially in the Mediterranean, where shark numbers are declining. Moreover, sharks have also been seen gathering near some of Israel’s other beaches, with dozens of sand sharks being seen gathering near Ashdod in May. Combined with the clusters seen in Hadera, mass gatherings on the shores of Ashdod give further credit to Israel by becoming a “desert oasis” of shark species. The reason for this? According to Dr. Avad Sheinin, head of apex predator research at the Morris Kahn Marine Research Station, says this is because Israel is safer for them. As Sheinin explained, it is illegal to fish for sharks and stingrays in Israel, where they are recorded. how to protect natural resources. “It ‘s important to remember not to hurt [sharks and stingrays] or their environment, “Shein explained.” Sharks are predators of the marine ecosystem and understanding their patterns and behaviors is essential to understanding our entire system. “He added that” It seems that while in most Mediterranean areas sharks are endangered, while here, our beaches are extremely welcoming to them. “While sand sharks are so rare, endangered in the Mediterranean, efforts to label and track them were underway. However, the Morris Khan Marine Research Station was forced to close its studies earlier in 2020 due to coronavirus pandemic It is hoped that when research is able to resume, it can answer many questions about one of the most famous predators of the ocean peak.Celia Jean contributed to this report.