5G wireless superfast is not exactly spreading across the US at high speed. The White House and Department of Defense on Monday announced a plan to speed up the process by making a significant new piece of spectrum available to the wireless industry.
The spectrum, which telecom companies will share with the Pentagon, aims to help wireless carriers offer 5G more widely across the US. He also has to generate billions of dollars for the US Treasury when it goes up for auction. The frequency is currently being used for high-power defense radar, but the DoD has determined that it can be released without affecting military systems.
“It’s a big deal,” for the wireless industry, says Jason Leigh, an analyst at IDC who focuses on 5G. “The US is desperate for some mid-range spectrum.”;
The release of the new spectrum is part of a broader effort by the Trump administration to defeat America’s great technology rival, China, running in a technology that can prove vital to progress in everything from smart factories to vehicles.
“Our great innovators and entrepreneurs will continue to push the boundaries of this new technology,” Michael Kratsios, the chief technology officer in the U.S., told reporters Monday.
5G is a very hipped and confusing brand, but it can ultimately be a great deal for consumers and businesses. The technology promises download speeds of up to one gigabit per second, latency of less than 10 milliseconds, and capacity for many other devices. Today’s LTE networks offer downloads of around 40 megabits per second and latency of about 100 milliseconds, although performance often remains in congested areas due to network congestion.
Faster speeds and shorter delays can prove essential for cars, manufacturing machines that use artificial intelligence, and new hospital equipment. Most importantly, it can serve as pathways for new innovations in the technology industry, so much so that 4G enabled a new generation of smartphones to do all sorts of new things.
5G networks use several different frequencies, with mobile devices no doubt jumping between them. So far, U.S. wireless carriers have mainly deployed transmitters that use high-frequency millimeter wave signals, which allow high data rates but travel only a few hundred meters and are susceptible to interference. . This has limited 5G to small areas of some cities.
The frequencies included in Monday’s announcement are called the middle band, a range that allows 5G signals to travel farther reliably while relying on fewer cell towers. Other countries, including China, are also competing to deploy 5G networks, with more focus on mid-band frequencies. “To be able to cover an entire city in the middle will be really noticeable in your daily use,” Leigh says.
The government will work with industry to develop a spectrum sharing scheme in the coming months. The plan is for the Federal Communications Commission to then auction off the new spectrum available in December 2021.
The FCC has been criticized for not making enough mid-range frequencies available to industry faster, but is currently bidding for another 70 70 mid-range spectrum bandwidth, with bids expected to fetch several billion dollars. When sold at auction, the new frequencies could generate similar amounts, says Berge Ayvazian, senior analyst at Wireless 20 | 20.
FCC Chairman Ajit Pai described Monday’s announcement as “a milestone in securing US leadership in 5G”.
The Trump administration has identified 5G as a key technology for the future of the US. It is particularly concerned about China, a growing geopolitical rival, establishing a leading role in 5G. The concern is that other big tech companies, built around the widespread availability of 5G, may first appear in China.
The US government has accused China’s main 5G company, Huawei, of stealing technology and posing security risks due to close ties to the Chinese government. It has restricted Huawei use in the US and imposed crippled sanctions on the company’s supply chain.